Geotechnical aspects of the l'Aquila earthquake
On April 6, 2009 an earthquake (ML = 5.8 and MW = 6.3) stroke the city of L’Aquila with MCS Intensity I=IX and the surrounding village with I as high as XI. The earthquake was generated by a normal fault with a maximum vertical dislocation of 25 cm and hypocentral depth of about 8.8 km. The deaths were about 300, the injured were about 1500 and the damage was estimated as high as about 25 billion €. Both maximum horizontal and vertical components of the accelerations recorded in the epicentral area were close to 0.65g. The paper summarises the activities in the field of earthquake geotechnical engineering aimed to the emergency and reconstruction issues. The ground motion recorded in the epicentral area is analysed; the geotechnical properties measured by in-situ and laboratory tests before and after the earthquake are summarised; site effects are preliminarily evaluated at accelerometric stations locations and damaged villages; the outstanding cases of ground failure are finally shown.